|Palestinian press: Three Hammers and an Anvil|
Year : 2010
Ramallah Center for Human Rights Studies (RCHRS) published a new study prepared by the media worker Dr. Walid Al-Omari, the Bureau Chief of the Aljazeera Channel in Palestine.
The study examines the pressures and challenges imposed on the Palestinian press and its repercussions on Palestinian journalists resulting in self-censorship. It covers the period since the establishment of the press at the end of Ottoman rule, British mandate, Egyptian and Jordanian administrations, the Israel occupation, the Palestinian Authority and the final chaotic state and the split between the West Bank and Gaza.
The study includes six chapters. The first chapter presents the history of the press and its transform throughout time in Palestine. The second chapter deals with the state of Palestinian press after the establishment of the first Palestinian Authority on parts of the Palestinian territory particularly in the Gaza Strip and parts of the West Bank until 2000. The third chapter examines the press between the years 2000-2008. It examines the relationship between media and the Palestinian Authority under the existence of a contradictory media view which created fertile ground for attacking journalists. The forth chapter follows the attempts to spread fear among journalists and deepen self-censorship. It studies the state of press during the years 2006-2009 with more focus on the year 2007, where the bloody conflict between Fateh and Hamas resulted in Hamas taking over the Gaza Strip. The fifth chapter compares Israeli violations that generated more challenge and the Palestinian Authority violations that deepened fear. The final chapter ends with a list of results and recommendations